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The Language of Bangalore - Karnataka- KannadaNadu

Kannada is the State Language of Karnataka. Kannada - aptly described as 'sirigannada' (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people worldwide.

The Kannada language has been spoken for about 2500 years, with the Kannada writing system being in use for about the last 1900 years. The initial development of the Kannada language is similar to that of other Dravidian languages, notably Tamil and Telugu. During later centuries, Kannada, along with Telugu, has been highly influenced by Sanskrit vocabulary and literary styles.

Kannada is a highly inflected language with three genders (masculine, feminine, neutral or common) and two numbers (singular, plural). It is inflected for gender, number and tense, among other things.

There is also a sharp distinction between the spoken and written forms of the language. Spoken Kannada tends to vary from region to region. The written form is more or less constant throughout Karnataka, however. The ethnologue identifies about 20 dialects of Kannada. Notable of them are Kodava (spoken in Coorg district), Kunda (spoken exclusively in Kundapura), Havyaka (spoken mainly by Havyaka Brahmanas of Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Sagara, and Udupi districts), Are Bhashe (spoken mainly in Sullia region of Dakshina Kannada), Soliga Kannada, Badaga Kannada, Gulbarga Kannada, Hubli Kannada, etc. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

Kannada is one of the 22 official languages of India and is the official language of the state of Karnataka.

Kannada has now received the Classical Language status effective November 1, 2008. After years of bitter struggle, Kannada has finally got the classical language status. The Union government announced that Kannada, besides Telugu, would get the classical tag on the occasion of Rajyotsava day.

What it Really means for Kannada being a classical language

  • Two major international awards will be instituted annually for scholars of eminence.
  • A centre of excellence for studies will be set up and UGC will be asked to establish professional chairs in various centreal Universities.
  • The Centre to give grants upto 100 crores for promition of the language. Every year the State may get upto Rs.5.0 crores budgetary allocation from the Centre.
  • The grant mainly for the Kannada Language Promotion Board to be set up under the chairmanship of an eminent scholar.
  • Kannada study centres in various international Universities depending on India's bilateral agreements.
  • Opportunities for scholars to undertake research on the origin and history of the language.

Kannada is Unique in a few respects.

1] The first encyclopedia was written in Kannada. This was later translated to Sanskrit under name Shivatatvaratnakara.

2] Kannada is the third oldest language of India. (After Sanskrit & Tamil)

3] Kannada is as old as 2000 years.

4] Kannada is 99.99% perfect - logically and scientifically.

5] Kannada writers got 7 Gnana Peetha Awards - highest among all languages .

6] Shri VINOBA BHAVE has called Kannada script as QUEEN OF WORLD SCRIPTS - " Vishwa lipigaLa RaaNi - kannada "

7]Kannada is phonetic - you write as you speak

8] When " kaviraja maarga was written . . ." kaaveriyimda , gOdaavarivaregirpa ... " by Amogha varsha nripathumga, English was in cradle & hindi was not born at all.

9] Kannada is the one of the first indian languages for which a foreigner(Rev. Ferdinand Kittel) wrote a dictionary ( Shabda Kosha) in the year 1894.

10] Ragale Saahithya can be seen only in Kannada which is of a rare and different kind of literature.

11] Kannada Chandassu (shatpadis) out pared all other languages.

12]The first record on Kannada language was traced to Ashoka's Brahmagiri edict dated 230 BC.

13]Kannada words were found in Greek comedies of first and second century AD.

14]The first full- length Kannada edict at "Hanmidi" (also known as Halmidi) dated AD 450. The first-ever available literary work is "Kaviraja Maarga" (AD 850), a text of literary criticism during Rashtrakoota dynasty when Amoghavarsha was the king. There are references to many poets and writers such as Sri Vijaya, Kaveeshwara and Durvineeta in the text, which traces the history of Kannada literature even then for over 1,200 years.

15] The "vachana sahitya" tradition of the 12th century is purely native and unique in world literature. It is the sum of contributions by all sections of society.

16] The 15th century saw the advent of Haridasa Saahitya, which made rich contributions to Bhakti literature and Carnatic music.

17] The 16th century composer Kanakadasa's "Ramadhanya Charite" is a rare work on "class struggle" that marked the uninterrupted tradition of the language and its literature.

* Kannada has been developing both as a language and a literature for over 2,000 years and eminently merits recognition as a classical language.

Tracing the antiquity of Kannada, a recently released book titled " Kannada kisigannadi" of Kannada Gelayara Balaga, Bangalore, claims that the term "Karnata" figures in the Mahabharata. Sanskrit "Matachi" in Chandogya Upanishad is the root form of "Midathe." The term "Isila" meaning a town of forts is found in an inscription of Ashoka in Brahmagiri in Chitradurga district. Kannada words are found in the Greek comedies of second AD and the Shatavahana king Hala's "Gatha Sapta Shati."






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